About Gronsoo - Park

"As it stands, the entire estate creates a powerful impression, characterised by grandeur and filled with surprises in every season of the year. The disciplined greenery around the stone house surrounds it like walls which seem to protect it as it stands on the brow of the hill jutting out into Lake Mälaren." (Sigurd Wallin: Gronsoo)

Gronsoo Palace, built in 1611 by Chancellor Johan Skytte, was surrounded from the very beginning by gardens, which were developed successively and today offer a unique view of Swedish garden history. A visitor on a guided tour of the gardens can see traces and structures from at least five different periods of Swedish garden architecture.

The early 17th century Renaissance style orchard area, is well preserved and contains the oldest commercial apple orchard in Sweden today. In front of the orchard stands "Queen Christina's lime-tree", planted in 1623 during the visit of King Gustavus Adolphus' mother to Gronsoo. It is one of the oldest lime-trees to be found in Europe. In 2003 Queen Silvia planted a genetic copy next to the old lime tree.

The terraces facing the lake, the double chestnut avenue and the clipped lime and ash hedges, which run towards the palace on the inland side, represent the 18th century Baroque inspired desire for uniformity. Most of the trees in the avenues and hedges are the original ones planted in the 1750's and 1760's.

The Romantic period of the late 18th century saw the addition of a Chinese Pagoda, "English Paths", an artificial island and a large maze. The Chinese Pagoda was built in 1786 and was inspired by the Swedish-English garden architect William Chambers. The interior is decorated with shells and minerals, many of which were imported from East Asia. The Chinese Pagoda is unique in Northern Europe and one of Gronsoo's main attractions. The “Enlish Paths" wind their way round the palace, never losing sight of Lake Mälaren. Only the iron temple, now standing in the flower garden remains of the maze.

In the 19th century exotic trees and bushes were added to the park. The most remarkable reminder of this period is the nukta cypress tree standing beside the carp pond.

The flower garden from the 1920's replaced the open park landscape, which had been formed when the maze was demolished in the 19th century. In 1997 the flower garden was restored to its original state. The chalk pathways, old style perennials and summer flowers have restored to the gardens some of the floral splendour, which was once the hallmark of Gronsoo.

Gronsoo Palace gardens are being successively restored in co-operation with the Swedish University of Agriculture. Our vision is to be able to offer an example of Swedish garden architecture from the 17th century to today in one garden. The restoration of Gronsoo gardens is also part of the University of Agriculture's work to increase knowledge of restoration of historic gardens.